|About Southern Cross|
Power supply: engine with 55 amp alternator and one 43 watt solar panel to a 210 amp-hour
deep-cycle battery bank to service the "house" and a separate starting battery. 12VDC
and 110VAC systems ran throughout the vessel and provided a shore power battery charger.
"Southern Cross" was built in 1976 by C. E. Ryder Corp. in Bristol, Rhode Island, to Thomas
Gilmer's traditional Colin Archer design. She is Hull #23 in the series of Southern Cross 31's.
Hull: Airex cored fiberglass, with a plywood cored deck.
Auxiliary power: Yanmar 2QM20 diesel.
Water capacity: 55 gal. in two tanks and 10 gal. carried on deck.
Fuel capacity: 35 gal. in one tank and 20 gal. carried on deck. During the Red Sea passages the on-deck supplies were increased to water at 35 gal. and fuel at 30 gal.
Navigation system: at the beginning of the voyage a Sitex SatNav with sextant backup (used for nine days en route to New Zealand). This was replaced in 1992 with a Magellan 5000 GPS. Depth sounder and digital knot log: Datamarine.
Steering: tiller to an outboard-hung rudder. Self steering: Path Finder wind vane. It featured a trim tab on the rudder, but without return lines to the tiller, it proved unsatisfactory. The initial electric autopilot, a First Mate, had a very high rate of power consumption. In Darwin, it was replaced with an early Navico model. In 1995 that was changed for a new design by Navico, TP300C. Many problems were built into the new design, including overdampened response limits.
Safety gear: a used Beaufort 6-man life raft, EPIRB, fire extinguishers, flares and rockets, life jacket, and radar reflector.
Communications equipment: a Ray Jefferson VHF and (in 1990) a Kenwood TS140S HF radio with manual tuner and backstay antenna. Ham call sign: KM6DR.
Ground tackle: 35 lb. CQR on 200' of high test 5/16" chain with 200' of nylon rode to a manual ABI windlass; 22 lb. Bruce on 30' high test 5/16" chain with 200' of nylon rode (carried on the stern); 14 lb. Danforth lunch hook.
Galley: 3-burner Force 10 propane stove with oven and broiler, ice box, and deep single sink serviced by manual fresh water and salt water pumps.